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- ItemThe Effects of Herd Mentality on BehaviorKurdi, AbdurhmanThis study conducted a meta-analysis in order to determine the power that herd mentality has on the behavior of an individual. Most of the existing literature emphasizes on how herd mentality is effective for manipulating the masses, however, this study was designed to focus on the use of manipulation between gender and herd size. The methodology for this study was based off Loxton, et. al. (2020) procedures from their meta-analysis of panic buying, herd mentality, and media influencing. Analyzing the volume and timing of consumer spending patterns; the volumes of spending on specific, highly demanded consumer goods during the investigative period; and the implications of media use to influence the masses. Results suggested that the COVID-19 crisis appears to align with behaviors exhibited during historic shock events, in other words, herd mentality affected the behavior of individuals given a crisis. In conclusion, this study seeks to expand this body of research by exploring the effects of herd mentality on behavior.
- ItemA LITERATURE REVIEW ANALYZING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CELL PHONE USAGE AND SLEEP QUALITYHall, Joshua HudsonSmart phones and portable mobile devices are the new normal in the United States. Much of the research thus far has focused on the effects of screen-use on children and adolescents: lower attention spans, difficulty concentrating, and academic performance to name a few. Research would be remiss to exclude adults from this conversation. Society has yet to fully understand the long-term effects of personalized mobile devices on the human brain. This review aims to analyze the relationship between smartphone use and sleep quality in adult subjects. Individuals that use these handheld computers are sacrificing free thought and critical thinking. The aspects of social media are a gift to some and for others it is a tool that disrupts precious sleeping time.
- ItemA STUDY OF THE INCLUSION OF SPIRITUAL RITUALS AND MINDFUL BEHAVIORS AS A MEANS OF COPING AND STRESS MANAGEMENTPettigrew, Jacqueline LatanyaPettigrew, Jacqueline L., A Study of the Inclusion of Spiritual Rituals and Mindful Behaviors as a Means of Coping and Stress Management. Master of Arts (Psychology), December 2020, Houston Baptist University, Houston, Texas. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to evaluate an unbiased understanding of mindful behaviors and spiritual rituals and their influence if any on the study participants. This research examined 100 random undergraduate college students of a private, urban university located in southern Texas. As a part of the researcher’s introduction to the study, participants completed a Traditional College Student Stress Scale as well as answered pre–interview questions regarding their understanding of stress, stress level, how they feel as well as their current coping strategies. Participants were also given the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, which was used to assess their use and understanding of mindful behaviors. The questionnaire was administered at the beginning as well as at the end of the research. The questionnaire provided the researcher insight on the participants’ level of understanding as it relates to their personal experiences. The participants partook in a five–week intervention that consisted of the inclusion of spiritual rituals and mindfulness practices into their everyday life as a means of developing stress management and coping skills. The participants were also asked to log their personal reflections after each experience and complete the Perceived Stress Scale questionnaire weekly to monitor any change post their spiritual and/or mindful experience. At the close of the five–week intervention, participants answered post–interview questions regarding their experience with the spiritual rituals, mindful behaviors, and stress to determine if changes occurred in their questionnaire and/or interview responses. The findings of this study examined the influence of spiritual rituals and mindful behaviors regarding developing stress management, and coping skills. This research also assessed the influence spiritual rituals and mindful behaviors had on participants’ stress levels.
- ItemGuilt and Affect from the Aggressors Perspective; A Quantitative StudyMark, AliciaWhat are the factors that influence the perspective of someone who engages in aggressive behavior? What makes some people remorseful over their actions while others appear apathetic? For this study we seek to answer these and other questions. Various factors considered include: affect/guilt, perceived severity of the incident, type of aggressive act committed and time lapse since the incident occurred, among others. This research will be obtained as a means for acquiring knowledge. It is imperative because it will help to draw general inferences about human behavior that can be applied to other studies and possibly provide a guide for intervention. The proposed quantitative study is conducted using the scientific method which allows us to describe, predict, understand and control behavior. Keywords: detachment, remorse, shame/guilt, forgiveness, aggression, violence
- ItemEquine Assisted Psychotherapy: Lowering Symptoms of Psychological Distress in VeteransBroadway, Dakota ElloiseThis study conducted a meta-analysis in order to determine the efficacy equine assisted psychotherapy (EAP) has on lowering symptoms of psychological distress in veterans. Existing literature focuses on how EAP is effective for child populations, however, this study was designed to focus on the use of horses and horse care as a means of intervention for adults. The methodology for this study was based off Nimer and Lundahl’s (2007) procedures from their meta-analysis on animal assisted therapy. Effect sizes across studies were calculated and outcome measures including psychological functioning, social functioning, and interpersonal functioning were grouped together in order to determine heterogeneity among studies. Results suggested mixed interpretation among effect sizes. While some outcome variables suggested positive improvements in symptoms, others suggested no change. Additionally, heterogeneity among studies suggested no standardization in methodological procedures. In conclusion, EAP for veterans lacks enough information to determine its efficacy across studies.